Deep-sea mining and digital technologies

The Digital-Environment System Coalition (DESC) is committed to developing an open access database of relevant high quality research on all matters pertaining to the interface between digital technologies and the environment. We also share bibliographies of recent important literature that may be of use to the community of researchers and practitioners wishing to explore specific themes. These not only address direct linkages with digital technology, but also provide scientific background on important emerging themes.


Return to Digital-Environment System Coalition



Childs, J. (2018) Extraction in Four Dimensions: Time, Space and the Emerging Geo(-)politics of Deep-Sea Mining, Geopolitics, 25(1), 189-213.

Clark, M.R., Durden, J.M. and Christiansen, S. (2020) Environmental Impact Assessments for deep-sea mining: Can we improve their future effectiveness?, Marine Policy, 114, 103363.

Figueiredo, C., Caetano, M., Mil-Homens, M., Tojeira, I, Xavier, J.R., Rosa, R. and Raimundi, J. (2021) Rare earth and trace elements in deep-sea sponges of the North Atlantic, Marine Pollution Bulletin, 166, 112217.

Heffernan, O. (2019) Deep-sea dilemma, Nature, 571, 464-469.

Kung, A., Scobodova, K., Lèbre, E., Valenta, R., Kemp, D. and Owen, J.R. (2021) Governing deep sea mining in the face of uncertainty, Journal of Environmental Management, 279, 111593.

Milinovic, J., Rodrigues, F.J.L., Barriga, F.J.A.S. and Murton, B.J. (2021) Ocean-Floor Sediments as a Resource of Rare Earth Elements: An Overview of Recently Studied Sites, Minerals, 11, 142.

Orcutt, B.N., Bradley, J.A., Brazelton, W.J., Estes, E.R., Goordial, J.M., Huber, J.A., Jones, R/M., Mahmoudi, N., Marlow, J.J., Murdock, S. and Pachiadaki, M. (2020) Impacts of deep-sea mining on microbial ecosystem services, Limnology and Oceanography, 65, 1489-1510.

Vonnahme, T. R., Molari, M., Janssen, F., Wenzhöfer, F., Haeckel, M., Titschack, J., and Boetius, A. (2020)
Effects of a deep-sea mining experiment on seafloor microbial communities and functions after
26 years
, Sci. Adv. 6, eaaz5922.


Contributions to this list of resources were provided by James Crabbe and Tim Unwin

Please add further suggestions through our Contacts Page.


Return to Digital-Environment System Coalition